Based on data from the Sample Registration Survey 2014, Diabetes with complications become the third largest cause of death in Indonesia after stroke and heart. Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by levels of sugar or glucose in the blood exceeds normal value. When blood sugar is usually (GDS) without fasting approximately less than 200 mg / dL. While fasting approximately less than 126 mg / dL.
You have to recognize some risk factors for diabetes in order to prevent the occurrence of diabetes type 2 in the future. The risk factors of diabetes is divided into two. They are the risk factors that can not be controlled and the risk factors that can be controlled. Risk factors that can not be controlled are the factors beyond the age of 40 years, with a family history of diabetes, most women with diabetes than men, history of pregnancy with diabetes, and a history of giving birth to the baby’s weight is less than 2.5 kilograms.
“These risk factors are not controllable, but they can be prevented with regular physical activity, health checks such as measuring BMI (Body Mass Index), blood pressure checks, blood sugar checks, and cholesterol checks. Do not forget to consumption of fruits and vegetables, “said Dr. Sriwahyuni Lily Sulistyowati, MM, Director of Prevention & Control of Communicable Diseases Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.
While the risk factors that can be controlled are the factors of obesity, lack of exercise, high blood pressure or hypertension, high cholesterol levels, diet is not balanced and have a history of cardiovascular disease. Dr. Lily advocate for people to keep doing regular physical activity in order to reduce excess weight in the body. “If conducting regular checks, diligent exercise, do a balanced diet, adequate rest and managing stress, so we can prevent diabetes was changed to diabetes type 2,” he explained.